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Language proficiency assessment criteria

The language proficiency assessment should be designed to reflect a range of tasks undertaken by pilots but with specific focus on language rather than operational procedures. The assessment should determine the applicant’s ability to speak and listen. The assessment may be subdivided into three elements, as follows:

  1. listening: assessment of comprehension
  2. speaking: assessment of pronunciation, fluency, structure and vocabulary
  3. interaction.              

Indirect assessment of grammar, reading and writing is not appropriate

The assessment should determine the language skills of the applicant in the following areas:

  • pronunciation::
    • the extent to which the pronunciation, stress, rhythm and intonation are influenced by the applicant’s first language or national variations,
    • how much they interfere with ease of understanding..
  • structure::
    • the ability of the applicant to use both basic and complex grammatical structures;
    • the extent to which the applicant’s errors interfere with the meaning.
  • vocabulary:
    • the range and accuracy of the vocabulary used;
    • the ability of the applicant to paraphrase successfully when lacking vocabulary.
  • fluency:
    • tempo;
    • hesitancy
    • rehearsed versus spontaneous speech;
    • use of discourse markers and connectors.
  • comprehension:
    • on common, concrete and work-related topics;
    • when confronted with a linguistic or situational complication or an unexpected turn of events.

Note: the accent or variety of accents used in the test material should be sufficiently intelligible for an international community of users.

  • interactions:
    • quality of response (immediate, appropriate, and informative);
    • the ability to initiate and maintain exchanges:
      • on common, concrete and work-related topics;
      • when dealing with an unexpected turn of events.
    • the ability to deal with apparent misunderstandings by checking, confirming or clarifying.

The assessment of above mentioned language skills is performed according to Rating scale given in Appendix 2 Part FCL.

ICAO_Language_req